Bono East Region is one of the six newly created Regions in Ghana. It was carved out of the then Brong Ahafo Region during the 2019 Regional Re-organization Policy Implementation. It comprises eleven (11) districts with Techiman as its capital.
By location, the Bono East Region borders on the North by Savannah Region, on the West by Bono Region, on the South by the Ashanti Region and on the East by the Volta Lake. Projections from the 2010 population and housing Census indicates a total 2020 population of 1,133,769 people, occupying 22,952km2 piece of land in the middle of Ghana, with a population density of 48.75 per sq km.
The Region comprises mostly rural communities occupied by diverse ethnic groups and dominated by the Bono people. The people are mostly engaged in farming and retail business in the few urban towns. It’s capital, Techiman, is a nodal town, where roads from the three northern regions (Upper West, Upper East and Northern Regions) converge. In addition, trunk roads from Sunyani, Kumasi, Wa and Tamale all meet at Techiman, making parts of the Region a bustling 24 hours commercial center. The Region houses a number of the large food markets including the Atebubu, Techiman, Kintampo and Yeji (Fish markets). These contribute significantly to an extra population flow to-and-fro from all parts of the country and beyond.
Due to its agricultural activities all year round, a workforce from the Northern part of the country temporally travel into communities in the region to labour for income, especially during the dry season in the North (November-March) adding to its population. As a Region in the middle of the country, these population dynamics have immense public health implications. Public health emergencies occurring anywhere in the country and other parts of the Sub-Region can potentially spill over to the Region and vice versa.