The Central Region occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres, which is about 6.6% of the total lland area of Ghana. It is one of the sixteen administrative Regions in Ghana. It is bounded to the south
by the Gulf of Guinea and on the west by the Western Region and the Western North Region. The region shares borders on the east with the Greater Accra Region, on the north with the Ashanti Region and on the north-east with the Eastern region. The region has 22 administrative districts with the historical city of Cape Coast as the capital. About 63% of the region is rural (2008, DHS).
The region is predominantly Akan of which majority are Fantes. The 2020 estimated population is 2,605,490 with a regional growth rate of 3.1% and a population density of about 215 inhabitants per square kilometre. Population less than 5 years and Women in Fertility Age (WIFA) are 521,098 and 625,318 respectively.
The region enjoys two main rainy seasons in a year and the vegetation is divided into dry coastal savannah stretching about 15 km inland, and a tropical rain forest covering areas in the hinterland. There is one forest reserve, the Kakum National Park which is a major tourist site nationally and internationally and is located about 25km from Cape Coast.
The Region is endowed with rich cultural events including annual festivals such as the Aboakyer, the Fetu Afahye, and the Bakatue festivals among others. An international festival, the Pan African Historical Theatre Festival (PANAFEST) is hosted every two years by the region. It also has historic monuments like castles and forts which attract a lot of tourists both locally and internationally.
The predominant industry in the region is agriculture (52.3%), with manufacturing forming 10.5%. Agriculture (including fishing) is therefore the main occupation and employs more than two thirds of the work force in the region